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What is the Difference Between Roles and Profiles in Salesforce

Both Profiles and Roles possess part of significance where a profile fundamentally resolute an Object Access whiles a role is used for record-level access under a sharing and security structure. Furthermore, profiles in salesforce help to organize object rights such as edit, delete, make a new profile, and read.

Salesforce permission sets contain systemic permissions that a user can carry out. One example of this is exporting data. A role assists with sharing records in the salesforce. A role functions hierarchically which will be discussed further in the article.


The definition of a profile is Profile is a compilation of settings and consents that classify what a user can way in a particular Salesforce. Hence, a Profile characterizes what a client can do within the business function by the features of the entrance settings and client consents.

Not only, the features of a Profile set the field consents but also make different stages of authorizations within a company. The function of a profile should be compulsory for each user in salesforce. A business can’t have a proper client without a pattern. It is the main structure of an organized system.

Setting and checking a profile are routes by which you can usually generate a set of boundaries that limits the client’s control of access. For a Salesforce, The Profile is compulsory for each User. Profiles approvals field-level access consents and control items of a user.

A customer can’t be portrayed without being given out to a specific profile since the profile illustrates fundamental access for customers. Next, you will get to know some functions of the profile in short. After that, I will also present a table that will show the differences between salesforce roles and profiles.

A salesforce profile controls consist of the options mentioned below:

1. Permissions: App, System, Standard/Custom object CRUD

2. Tab Permissions like tab visibility

3. Settings of Application

4. Total Login Hours

5. Login IP details

6. Object Permissions i.e. permissions to generate, edit, delete, read

7. Types of record

8. Class Access in Application

9. Visual force of Page Access

10. Field Permissions

11. Layouts of pages

12. Access to data and Field level security

Hence, a Profile identifies a particular user access objects, Visual force pages, and data, page layouts, field, Apex classes and restricts their function within the application. You can understand by these controls that a Profile figures out which objects field a user can get to. For instance – a supervisor can see too many profiles, yet a lower-level employee can just observe his profile only.

Regularly, an organization sets a client’s profile to something like Supervisor, Sales, or HR Administrator. A client profile will figure out how much access the user can have inside the profile framework. When making a profile set up, there are many questions you should ask before setting a profile. Examples of such questions are

1. Would they be able to make/alter profile settings?

2. Can the client erase and alter data?

3. Can the client see the edit and set up a screen?

4. Could a client make a new user profile and delete any profile?

Salesforce presents several typical profiles with a dissimilar set of permissions for every diverse profile. In some rear cases, a user sets his/her profile to have customized permissions i.e. as per necessity. These are the examples of permission set questions that are necessary before setting up a profile.

A profile organizes other structure rights as well. For this reason when an organization makes a user also assigns a profile to the user. There are two types of profiles. The first type is a standard profile which is by default constructed by salesforce. This includes a set of permissions for entire standard objects that is obtainable on the platform.

The custom profiles are customized and deleted if the profile in salesforce does not need to assign to a custom profile. Permission sets in salesforce are a compilation of permissions and settings provides give the user access to a variety of functions and tools.


In the case of salesforce, roles are characterized to build the data visibility of a specific client has. An organization increases the data sharing options by utilizing sharing standards or by building a role chain of importance. The hierarchy of salesforce roles allows a client sitting in a more elevated level approach can see records of lower-level management’s employees.

A user at any specified role level can see and edit as well as, they can report every information the user has or with whom the user can share with the person who is working under them in a hierarchy unless a salesforce’s sharing model for a specified object otherwise. Especially in the case of business, a wide default sets the default access for objects, for instance, OWD set as private would imply that solitary the proprietor of the record can get to the record.

One approach to give extra access to these records to different clients is through roles i.e. clients higher in the role chain of command would get the entrance of records claimed by clients lower in the progressive arrangement.

Another approach is by composing sharing principles, wherein you can determine the rationale to choose which record ought to be shared and with what role the client. You can determine against custom articles whether the records ought to be shared utilizing the role chain of command or not yet this is the default setting for standard items and can’t be altered.

Setting roles in salesforce for clients is certifiably not a compulsory thing but not a characterizing role for a client could influence the information appeared on circumstance and different reports for that client in that case. Particularly, in any Organization that has Wide Defaults linked record if the Grant Access Using Hierarchies alternative is disabled for a convention object, only the organization-wide defaults, and the record owner receives access to records of the object.

In an organization, Profiles are necessary for all users but Roles are not necessary. Roles are necessary tools for salesforce developmentFurthermore, standard article records will consistently be shared by a hierarchy of roles.

In any granted access that using the sequence alternative is not enabled for a convention object, only the org-wide defaults, and the owner of the record receives access to the object’s records. Roles and profiles salesforce is also used by a salesforce consultant who is the most important asset of a business as they add worth to an organization by generating revenue and bringing worth to the clients.

Hence, the summary of the role is as follows.

1. Role controls the hierarchy of record access a client has.

2. Role expands the OWD settings for various objects.

3. Sharing principles set sharing records to specific roles and subordinates.

Furthermore, through the setting of the org-wide defaults sharing for each object, an organization can select whether a user has the right to access the information shared or owned by in the lower level of the hierarchy. An example of this is the salesforce role hierarchy easily gives record access for their users over the owner of the record in the sequence.

Automatically, the option of Grant Access that is using sequences is enabled for the entire objects. This function only can be altered for some custom objects. In the process of salesforce development, both roles and profiles are needed to work collaboratively with others on the team to generate a custom and scalable process inside an organization.


After reading the description of the profile and role, you have realized the differences between the roles and profile. For your further understanding, the summary of the role and profile salesforce is as follows.

Role Profile
The role helps in defining data visibility A profile sets the limit of what a user can do in the organization
A role defines what user data a user can see based on hierarchy Profile defines permissions
Defining role to a user is mandatory always Defining profile is not always mandatory
Hence, Roles offer a feature to control access to records by impacting reports. For example, filtering “My Teams”. Roles function if an organization’s security model (OWDs) is set to private. Profiles assist to decide record privileges i.e. assuming the User can observe the record, it concludes what the User can function, delete, edit, view on that record. Most of the time it controls other system privileges like export data, mass email, and many more.

Final Words

This salesforce role vs profile might have helped you to understand the differences. A role is controls of records a user can SEE in the hierarchy i.e. which records or objects a user can observe. This role is based on USER’s role in the hierarchy. On the other hand, a Profile is a measure of what a user can do i.e. settings of profile establish control of the visibility of objects, tabs, CRUD, fields, and functions inside an application.

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